Edible Gardens Landscaping | Earthscapes

Landscaping Portfolio – Edible Gardens

Edible landscaping is the practical integration of food plants within an ornamental or decorative setting. Edible landscaping uses the same design principles as ornamental landscaping, while substituting edible plants such as lettuces, berries, vegetables and fruit trees for some of the otherwise unproductive plant material. Using edibles in landscape design can enhance a garden by providing a unique ornamental component with additional health, aesthetic, and economic benefits.

Types of Edible Gardens

Raised Beds

Raised beds are easily filled with compost-rich soils for healthier plants, are easier on the back to maintain, and can discourage gophers and ground squirrels. The soil warms quicker in raised beds than in the ground, allowing for an earlier growing season.

Herb Gardens

Herb Gardens can be planted in the ground, in raised beds, or in pots. Woody herbs such as Rosemary, Sage, Lavender, Thyme, and Oregano incorporate well into existing landscapes. More delicate herbs such as Basil, Parsley, Cilantro, Chives, and Mint grow well in raised beds and containers.

Container Gardens

Tomatoes, beans, peas, radishes, lettuces and spinach are just a few of the vegetables that can be grown in containers if they have at least six hours of direct sunlight. Advantages to container gardening include warmer soil temperatures and the deterrent of burrowing animals or pests usually found in the ground. Groups of containers can add visual interest to patios, decks, and balconies.

Espalier and Trellises

Espaliered fruit trees such as apple, pear, peach, pomegranates, and grape and berry vines are a good way to add vertical interest to a wall or fence. There are many attractive patterns that can be used to espalier trees and vines. Squashes, cucumbers, tomatoes, beans, and peas are good candidates for trellising. Both espaliered and trellised plantings are good ways to save space in the landscape.

Orchards and Vineyards

If space allows a small home orchard can be a great source of fresh fruits, a few examples are apple, pear, peach, plum, avocado, and citrus trees. Some fruit trees come with several varieties grafted on to one trunk. Plant an olive orchard and make your own preserved olives or pressed olive oil. Grape and berry vines for eating or winemaking can be espaliered, trellised, or grown on arbors to provide shade during the summer months.

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